Kinds of Weight Loss Surgeries
When you are not up for exercising and demanding nutrition plans, there is a quick alternative to get rid of the extra pounds. We are talking about bariatric (weight loss) surgeries, which are getting increasingly popular over the last several years.
These operations can help you look better, but they also benefit your health as they decrease the risk of obesity-related medical issues.
The doctors use two methods when it comes to weight loss surgeries:
- Malabsorption – nutrients and calories that your organism absorbs are reduced by bypassing or shortening a section of your small intestine
- Restriction – physically limit the stomach when it comes to the capacity of food it can hold
This may sound scary, but we are actually talking about proven methods performed thousands of times across the world. Now, take a look at different weight loss surgeries available to patiea nts today.
In the top section of your stomach, the doctors will make a pouch. Any food you eat from that point will go to this portion of the stomach, which will decrease the number of calories you can consume. In the next step of the surgery, they will need to connect your small intestine to the created pouch.
This will enable the food to move to the intestine. The rest of your stomach will remain active to ensure creating the required digestive juices.
To secure these juices to get to the intestine, the doctors will need to reconnect the two. The point of this operation is for the food to go around a small part of the small intestine, which will decrease the amount of food you can eat and drink at once.
This surgery is also known as a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
When doctors perform this surgery, they remove a portion of the stomach from your organism. Next, they form the rest into a structure that reminds of a tube. As a result, the food capacity of your stomach will be reduced.
An additional benefit is decreased production of ghrelin, which is a hormone in charge of regulating appetite. Therefore, you may not have as much desire to eat as before.
However, this doesn’t affect the amount of nutrients and calories your organism can absorb.
Laparoscopic Gastric Banding
The surgeons will insert a band in the upper stomach section. An inflatable balloon will be inside this band, which will make a small pouch with a small opening to the stomach. The next step is to insert a port below the abdomen’s skin, which is used to adjust the size of the balloon.
That is why the procedure is called “adjustable gastric banding.” This method also doesn’t decrease the number of nutrients and calories your organism absorbs, but it will help you achieve satiety sooner by restricting the food capacity of the stomach.
Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch
This also requires taking out a significant portion of the stomach. The doctors leave the duodenum, the beginning section of the small intestine, as well as the food-releasing valve. Next, they directly connect the first and the last part of the intestine.
The separated area is also reconnected but to the end of the intestine. That step is necessary to secure the flow of digestive juices and bile and is also why this is called the “biliopancreatic diversion.”
This method combines reducing your stomach capacity and nutrient and calorie absorption.